Study Suggests Fear Can Be Passed On Through Genes

A newborn mouse pup, seemingly innocent to the workings of the world, may actually harbor generations’ worth of information passed down by its ancestors.

In the experiment, researchers taught male mice to fear the smell of cherry blossoms by associating the scent with mild foot shocks. Two weeks later, they bred with females. The resulting pups were raised to adulthood having never been exposed to the smell.

Yet when the critters caught a whiff of it for the first time, they suddenly became anxious and fearful. They were even born with more cherry-blossom-detecting neurons in their noses and more brain space devoted to cherry-blossom-smelling.

The memory transmission extended out another generation when these male mice bred, and similar results were found.

Neuroscientists at Emory University found that genetic markers, thought to be wiped clean before birth, were used to transmit a single traumatic experience across generations, leaving behind traces in the behavior and anatomy of future pups.

The study, published online Sunday in the journal Nature Neuroscience, adds to a growing pile of evidence suggesting that characteristics outside of the strict genetic code may also be acquired from our parents through epigenetic inheritance. Epigenetics studies how molecules act as DNA markers that influence how the genome is read. We pick up these epigenetic markers during our lives and in various locations on our body as we develop and interact with our environment.

Through a process dubbed “reprogramming,” these epigenetic markers were thought to be erased in the earliest stages of development in mammals. But recent research — this study included — has shown that some of these markers may survive to the next generation.


Hubble And The Cat’s Eye Nebula



Cat’s Eye Nebula

Photograph courtesy NASA, ESA, HEIC, and the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA)

The intricately shaped Cat’s Eye nebula is formed from concentric gas bubbles and high-speed jets ejected from the outer layers of a dying star. One theory is that the gases were released at 1,500-year intervals, giving the nebula its layered appearance.

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Secure Your Home With Cutting-Edge Technology While On a Budget

A burglary occurs every 14.6 seconds and a property crime every 3.5 seconds, according to the FBI. In addition, Safeguard the World reports that homes without security systems are up to 300 percent more likely to be broken into.  Fortunately home security products and apps help deter burglars and stop them in their tracks. While an expensive home security system helps safeguard your home, there are other ways to stay safe without breaking the bank. Check out some of the best home security technology that can be controlled from your iPad no matter where you are.

iSmart Alarm

Check out iSmart Alarm for a robust home security system with no contracts or monthly fees. Motions sensors, iCameras and contact sensors alert you to activity in your home and record what’s going on. A smart switch controls your lights remotely with a schedule of your choice, and it can be used to turn appliances off and on while you’re away. You also can mix and match products or only order those that meet your home security needs.


Couple smart lighting with your home security system or devices. Philips’ Hue is designed with style in mind if you want to set a certain mood or even match the colors of a sunset right from your favorite photograph. Hue also secures your home by scheduling when lights go on and off and changing the colors remotely. Set a lighting schedule for different rooms to illuminate when you want and program them to come on automatically the moment someone walks up to your door. Potential intruders who see the unpredictable change in lighting will think someone’s there and move onto the next house.


Download the free Presence home security app to turn your smartphone into a live video feed. This is ideal when you just need to monitor your front door or specific room. The app alerts you when motion is detected and also has convenient two-way video and audio capabilities. You can talk directly to your kids who just got home from school while you’re still at work or even verbally confront an intruder even though you’re on the opposite side of the world. A burglar who’s taken by surprise when you tell him or her to leave and you’ve called the police is likely to flee and not come back.

August Smart Lock

Send a virtual key to guests, contractors or your children with the August Smart Lock. Especially useful for real estate agents, August Smart Lock offers encrypted locking technology that is scheduled to work when you need it. You can access a log record to see who entered right from your iPhone or iPad. And if your Wi-Fi goes down, the August Smart Lock still works with the use of a back-up battery.


Try Goji if you like the idea of the August smart lock but want additional features. Goji sends out virtual keys and unlocks your door whenever you program it to. Additionally, it sends picture alerts of visitors to your door and logs it into the system. Set a date and time for guests to access your home and use the on-call help if anything happens to your smartphone. Instead of getting locked out, Goji representatives can virtually unlock your door and cancel access for your lost or stolen phone.

Regardless of what home security apps and products you use to secure your home, don’t forget to employ old-fashioned techniques. Ask neighbors to keep flyers, newspapers and mail from littering your driveway and signaling your absence. Refrain from posting updates about going out of town on social media, and check your windows and doors to ensure locks are working properly.

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September 4, Party in the Park

Join San Diego’s biggest happy hour at Party in the Park before every Friday game. Live music and entertainment.

Time: 5:00 PM to 7:00 PM

Price: Check website for seat pricing

Location: 2455 Cushing Rd., San Diego, CA 92106

For more info:


September 4 – 6, 45th Annual Barona Powwow

Join the Barona Band of Mission Indians for a weekend of contest dancing in all categories, camping, drums and cultural immersion. Dancers will be competing for over $60,000 in prize money!

Time: see website

Price: Free

Location: 1095 Barona Road, Lakeside, CA 92040

For more info:


September 5, Julian Grape Stomp Fiesta

Every September the Julian Chamber of Commerce celebrates the harvest of the grapes with a real, old-world style grape stomp and fiesta at the Menghini Winery. This grape stomp out-does all others by providing two barrels for stomping – one for adults and one for children.

Time: 11:00 AM to 7:00 PM

Price: $5-$15

Location: 1150 Julian Orchards Dr., Julian, CA 92036

For more info: call 760.765.1857 or


September 7, Labor Day Lunch Cruise on San Diego Bay

Red, white and cruise! Get out on the Bay during the first day of the summer season. Enjoy a lavish lunch buffet featuring a savory selection of all your favorite dishes including free-flowing beer and champagne.

Time: 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM

Price: Adults Starting at – $62.95 Price subject to change

Location: 1800 N. Harbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92101

For more info: 619.686.8715 or


September 8, Before 1915: Balboa Park’s Early History

Nancy Carol Carter, horticultural historian, will discuss how Balboa Park weathered 47 turbulent years before the world swept into San Diego to visit the Panama-California Exposition of 1915.

Time: 10:30 AM to 12:30 PM

Price: Free

Location: 9001 Wakarusa Street, La Mesa, CA 91942

For more info: Call 619.232.7931 or visit


September 9, Swashbuckling Movie – Robin Hood: Men in Tights

This summer, the Headquarters at Seaport is hosting free screenings of swashbuckling classics in the center’s open air courtyard.

Time: 8:00 PM to 10:00 PM

Price: Free

Location: 789 West Harbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92101

For more info. Call 619.686.8715 or visit


September 10, Taste of Downtown

Enjoy tantalizing tastes from more than 50 Restaurants located throughout the Gaslamp Quarter, Headquarters, Financial District and East Village neighborhoods! Complimentary shuttle service.

Date:  2015

Time: 5:00 PM to 9:00 PM

Price: $30-$35

Location: see website

For more info:


September 11 – 13, Horrible Imagining Film Festival

The horror genre has long been a staple of film and literature, boasting a significant number of fans and devoted connoisseurs who dedicate much time and money to its exploration.

Time: see website

Price: $10-$80

Location: 1649 El Prado, San Diego, CA 92101

For more info:


September 12 – 13, Giro di San Diego GranFondo

Southern California meets Italy at the Giro di San Diego Gran Fondo, a celebration of cycling, food, and San Diego’s North Coast.

Time: see website

Price: $10-$174

Location: 150 South Sierra Ave., Solana Beach, CA 92075

For more info:


September 12, 2nd Annual Carlsbad Brewfest

Celebrating craft beer with tastings from more than 30 local & national breweries, music, entertainment, games & food vendors.

Date: 2015

Time: 12:00 PM to 4:30 PM

Price: $10-$45

Location: 3400 Pio Pico Dr., Carlsbad, CA 92008

For more info.


September 12, South Bay Pride Art & Musical Festival

South Bay Pride Art and Music Festival will be a day (and night) of fun for all. The fun starts at noon at the Bayfront Park in Chula Vista, next to the South Bay Harbor on Marina Parkway.

Date:  2015

Time:12:00 PM to 8:00 PM

Price: Free

Location: Bayside Park, Chula Vista, CA 91910

For more info.:


September 13, San Diego Brazilian Day Festival

With over 60,000 attendees expected, this is touted as the largest Brazilian festival on the West Coast. A free, fun and family friendly festival, activities include a street fair with more than 150 vendors, food court, kids zone and carnival parade complete with floats. Music from Brazil is the sound for the day with 2 stages for bands and performing groups.

Time: 11:00 AM to 7:00 PM

Price: Free

Location: call for more info.

For more info. Call 619.867.3231 or visit


September 18 – 20, San Diego Bayfair

San Diego Bayfair’s World Series of Powerboat Racing – a family festival tradition for more than 40 years speeds to the finish line.

Time: call for info.

Price:  $20-$250

Location: 1404 Vacation Rd., San Diego, CA 92109

For more info.: Call 760.789.8870 or visit


September 18 – 20, 21st Annual San Diego Festival of Beer

This year’s Festival will return to  the Broadway Pier. The indoor/outdoor event will feature live music and nearly 60 different breweries serving up 120 varieties of tasty brews.

Time: 6:00 PM to 10:00 PM

Price: $40-$50

Location: 1000 North Harbor Drive, San Diego, CA 92101

For more info:


September 20 – 27, San Diego Restaurant Week

This September, San Diego Restaurant Week, presented by Lexus Dealerships of San Diego, will celebrate local…keepin’ it fresh – really fresh.

Time: call for info.

Price: $10-$50

Location: see website

For more info:


September 20, Encinitas Oktoberfest

The 20th Annual Encinitas Chamber of Commerce Oktoberfest will be held on Sunday, September 20!

Time: 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM

Price: Free

Location: Mountain Vista Drive and El Camino Real, Encinitas, CA 92024

For more info:


September 25 – 26, Poway Rodeo

Professional rodeo cowboys from around the country compete during the 42nd Annual Poway Rodeo.

Time: call for info.

Price: $5-$45

Location: 14336 Tierra Bonita, Poway, CA 92064

For more info.: Call 866.776.7633 or


September 26 – 27, 20th Annual Pacific Islander Festival

A free event that showcases the cultures and customs of Melanesia, Micronesia and Polynesia with continuous entertainment throughout the weekend. Held at Mission Bay’s Ski Beach, the event also features food, music and specialty crafts unique to each culture.

Time: call for info.

Price: Free

Location: Vacation Road, San Diego, CA 92109

For more info. Call 619.699.8797 or


September 26 – 27, Adams Avenue Street Fair

Southern California’s largest free two-day music festival is held each year during the last weekend in September in the community of Normal Heights. The event also features beer gardens and beer tastings, giant carnival rides, exotic foods and more than 350 arts and crafts booths.

Time: 10:00 AM – 10:00 PM

Price: Free, Craft Beer Test – $20

Location: 34th and Adams Avenue, San Diego, CA 92116

For more info:


September 26 – November 1, SeaWorld’s Halloween Spooktacular

Where can kids meet some spooky and not-so-spooky animals, pose for pictures with mesmerizing mermaids and trick-or-treat in a sea-inspired atmosphere? It’s all part of SeaWorld’s Halloween Spooktacular, where Halloween meets the sea!

Date: 2015

Time: call for info.

Price: Included with park admission

Location: 500 SeaWorld Dr., San Diego, CA 92109

For more info. Call 800.257.4268 or


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IVAN SOLIS, JR.  / Title365 / / 619.804.9000

A 2 Million Year Old Pinkie

Pinkie Fingerprint

Sometimes, a bone is just a bone. Other times, it’s the earliest modern human-like hand bone, as a group of researchers recently discovered — one that could change how anthropologists see human evolution. 

After excavating a bone at a Tanzanian dig in 2012, the researchers are reporting that it is a pinkie finger that’s at least 1.84 million years old,  writes ScienceNews’ Bruce Bower.

Paleoanthropologists from the University of Madrid published their discovery in Nature Communications. The research is part of a project scouring the Olduvai Gorge in northern Tanzania, where some of history’s most important and ancient fossils have been found.

Homo habilis is the Olduvai Gorge’s most famous resident, but this bone is more humanlike than other fossils that are that old. Hand shape is usually associated with “advanced manipulative skills,” the team writes. They think that the pinkie in question belonged to a creature that could make and use stone tools — and that the hominid it belonged to didn’t live in trees.

This could represent a major breakthrough in the evolutionary timeline, but, as Bower writes, using one bone to define a whole species is controversial. The team tells UPI’s Brooks Hays that their next move is to find the other bones they’ll need to confirm their theory that they’ve landed on a “transitionary species” that fits somewhere between Homo sapiens and Homo habilis.

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